Church Complex: church and bell tower - panorama

The Church dedicated to the „Ascension” was founded in 1783, according to an inscription carved in wood and which no longer exists at the present. The Church was transferred to the Museum from Vama locality. It has a trefoil structure, including the altar, nave and narthex and the altar apse is pentagonal and recessed.
The altar and nave have semi-cylindrical vaulting; the vault of the narthex was replaced by an attic, following the in-situ interventions.

Bilca household

Bilca household includes four parts: house, stables with barn, a small house (summer kitchen) and storehouse. It is characteristic for Radauti depression, where animal breeding and agriculture are equally spread.
Bilca house is made of round beams, rudimentary shaped. The house is completely covered with clay, on the inside and on the outside, except for the ends of the upper beams which stand for consoles. Structurally, it is made up of: the living room (also kitchen) and the “large room”, a small hall and an annex under the eaves of the back roof.

Câmpulung household

A household belonging to animal breeders from the high lands of Bucovina; it is made up of house, stables with storeroom and gate.
Câmpulung house (Nemţanu) shows the evolution of the peasant civilization from Câmpulung Moldovenesc area. It dates from the beginning of the 20th century and the structure and size reflect living standards similar to contemporary ones. Inside the house, there are six rooms: in the front, there is “the large room” and the kitchen, separated by a hall and, in the background, two other rooms (the storeroom and the children’s room), separated by a second hall, following the first one.

Humor monastery household

Humor monastery household is characteristic for Obcinile Bucovinei, where the main occupation of the inhabitants was animal breeding, forestry and agriculture being less spread. It is made up of dwelling house, stables with barn, cellar (hut), carpentry workshop, fountain and gate.
Humor monastery house. It is characteristic for the Romanians living in the Humor ethnographic area and was widely spread until the end of the 20th century. The beam walls are apparent only around windows and doors; the framings are covered with clay and painted white. On three sides there are the porch wraps, marked with pillars carved in geometrical volumes which are connected to the wall plates.

Moldoviţa household

Moldoviţa household is a household with reinforced fencing characteristic for the Hutsuls. It includes 6 parts (house, stables with storeroom, summer kitchen, storehouse, gate and fence) placed one following the other, under the shape of a closed yard with four sides.
Moldoviţa house is a type of Hutsuls house, with walls made of beams shaped on four sides and ending in dovetail joints. It is made up of a room, an uncovered hall and a large veranda. The four-sided roof, which harmoniously combines with the three-sided roof of the veranda, is covered with large shingles (90 cm). The decorations are also exquisite: there are two little pillars carved with geometrical volumes and backward consoles, multi-consoles at the corners, shingle forms on the roof ridge and on the smokers, the framings are clayed and painted white around the windows, contrasting with the colour of the beam walls.

Rădăşeni household

Rădăşeni household belongs to the ethnographic area Fălticeni, where the main occupation of the inhabitants was agriculture, especially fruit growing. The household is made of dwelling house, a small house, summer kitchen and stables with barn, including a little orchard.
The dwelling house. As compared to the houses from Bucovina, this place, as well as others from this area, is smaller in size.

Straja household - panorama

Straja household belongs to Rădăuţi ethnographic area and includes a dwelling house, stables, storehouse, gate and fence.
Straja household is one of the first houses reconstructed in the museum; it is made of massive beams with the ends protruded on the outside. The classical pattern of house, widely spread after the second half of the 19th century, includes two dwelling houses (the kitchen and the “large house”) and a passing room – the hall with the uncovered roof. The windows of the main façade have the frames clayed and painted white.
In the “large house” a passing ritual is marked: the first bathing of the baby after christening.

Breaza House

Breaza house dates from the second half of the 19th century and it is made up of a dwelling house and a hall turned into a kitchen at some point, with a flank porch wraps on the main façade. The walls are built according to the blockbau technique, ending in round joints. On the outside, the window framings are covered with clay and painted white, contrasting to the colour of the wall beams.

Cacica House - panorama

Cacica house was built in 1900 and its facades are particularly harmonious and the structure is unusual. The walls are made of resinous peeled beams, carved on two sides, ending in dovetail joints. In the “large house”, one of the passing rituals was remade, namely the “Wake”.

Câmpulung house

From a structural point of view, it is an old type of house, including only a hall and a dwelling room, dating from the end of the 18th century. The walls are made of round beams, the framing of the windows is inserted in the walls together with the beams. The roof has large eaves and has a sharp slope, characteristic for mountain houses.

Dorna Candreni house - panorama

It is an example of how the structure of houses was changing, by splitting the hall in two, the back half being turned into a storeroom; also, a new element was added: the pavilion. It also includes a series of old construction elements: the pavilion closed on one of the sides, the cross of the wooden window, wooden nails for joints, and, on the inside, log chairs, carved together with the house and a stove with a chimney. The general aspect and the shape of the roof betray the origin of the Candrea family, who set up this village from Năsăud area.

Holohoşca house

Holohoşca house (Sadova village). It is a characteristic type of construction for the inhabitants on the high lands of Bucovina, a type of hall-room. It is to be noticed the split of the hall in two in order to make room for the storeroom and the pavilion. This way, the entrance to the house was protected from bad weather. The large room was a dwelling room and also a kitchen. The access to the pavilion was decorated with carved anthropomorphic motifs on the entrance and with geometrical motifs on the colonette supporting one side of the pavilion roof.

Humoreni house

It is a place for farmers from the hillside of the county. The walls are made of split carved beams, ending in dovetail joints. They are covered with clay and painted white on the inside and on the outside. On the outside, the lower part is painted black.

Iacobeni house

Dating from the end of the 19th century, it is a made of beams ending in dovetail joints. On the outside, the window framings are covered with clay and painted white. It is made up of a room and a hall with a porch wraps on the main façade. The pillars edging on the access gate are carved with the “man’s head” motif.

Ostra house

It is a Hutsuls house, impressive in size, which was widespread in the area until the half of the 20th century. The house dates from the beginning of the 20th century. The walls are made of split beams, with round joints, with the ending of beams protruding on the outside. The house includes two rooms and an uncovered hall; the ceiling of a room is also made of split beam.

Pârteştii de Jos house

Pârteştii de Jos house is more evolved structurally (room-hall-room and two storerooms under the eaves, on the back of the house), dating from the second half of the 19th century. On the outside, the apparent wood was preserved and the framing of the windows and doors was covered with clay and painted white. The decoration includes carved birds (shingle birds on the coating ridge) and animals (“the horse head”).

Roşu house

Roşu house dates from the end of the 19th century. It includes two rooms separated by a hall and two storerooms on the posterior façade. The walls are made of beams carved on four sides joined in the “German” style, painted with loam. The framings of the windows and door are covered with clay and painted white.
In the centre of the main façade there is a pavilion and porch wraps on two sides.

Vicovu de Jos house

Vicovu de Jos house is made up of two rooms: the left one is called „the upper house” where the kitchen is set and the right one, ”the lower house” with entrance through the first room. The construction technique is more recent: it uses a structure of vertical pillars and the space in between is filled with wood of different types and profiles. The walls are clayed and painted white. On the right side, there is a compartment under the eaves which was meant to preserve the fire wood.

Volovăţ house

By its structure and size, this house is characteristic for Rădăuţi area in a period including the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.

Moldoviţa hut

Moldoviţa hut is a rectangular construction made up of a single room and a porch. The cellar is made of massive beams, split on a square base, ending in dovetail joints.

Sfântu Ilie corn crib

A construction on a pillar structure, it encases a hazelnut wattle work on vertical brackets. It has a four-sided roof covered with shingles.

Şaru Dornei coop

It is a widely spread construction among the peasant houses. It has separate compartments for poultry and pigs. The construction material used was resinous wood.

Şaru Dornei pub

This construction is an exception from the local features. The interior was compartmented taking into account the uses of the construction: a kitchen with stove separated from the dwelling room by the hall, in the back, a dining-room and two storerooms.

Câmpulung hut

It is a building including one room, with a stoop, which is wide spread in the Câmpulung Moldovenesc ethnographic area. The walls are made of four-sided carved beams, ending in dovetail joints. The presence of the window and door framings – clayed and painted white – serves as decoration and insulation, too.

Sadova fountain

This type of fountain includes a hand-crank. Before the yard fountains became widespread, they could be encountered at crossroads, being used by several families and quenching the thirst of by passers. It is made of boards nailed on resinous structure with shingle coating.

Marginea pottery workshop

The construction is made of two rooms, porch wraps on the main façade and booths on two sides. It is not common in the area; it combined two uses: pottery workshop and dwelling. Under the left eaves, a stove for burning pots on a smaller scale was built, to illustrate the pottery technique.

Vama hackle

A building including one room, which hosts two machines: one for hackling and one for the final teaselling actuated subsequently or simultaneously by machinery driven by water force. By means of a transmission system made up of transmission wheels and belts, the movement is sent to the two wool processing machines.

Blacksmith workshop

The blacksmith shop has always been a constant presence in Bucovina villages. The stove, the bellows for the fire and the anvil are always there. The construction is made of beams and the roof is two-sided.

Humor monastery watermill - panorama

It is a watermill for grinding wheat and corn, dating from 1860. The construction is made of massive quarry stone and the four-sided roof is covered with shingles. The inside is made up of a room for the miller and one for grinding, set up on several levels. The machinery is made up of an actuating system (bucket wheel driven by water force), the transmission system (beam, wheel and spinney) and the mechanical system (the grindstones protected by a wooden cage).

Volovăţ oil maker

The building is made up of a single room with beam walls and two-sided roof, covered with shingles. It includes a traditional oil press workshop (for non-processed oil). The machinery includes 5 main parts: the actual oil maker, with the press, 2 hammers for hitting the arrows, 2 grinders, grinder with 2 handles for pressing the hemp seeds, chimney stove and platen. The oil was made of hemp, pumpkin, nuts, sunflower or flax.

Satu Mare mill machine

Machinery driven hydraulically, including 6 hammers placed horizontally and with vertical drive. It is hosted by a single-roomed construction made of beams.